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Fruit

Apple

Malus domestica

Areas of origin: Europe and Asia

Certification:

Organic EU; Organic NOP/COR; SAGAP; HACCP

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Description

Apples are the well known fruit of the Malus domestica apple tree, and have been cultivated for thousands of years in Asia and Europe, but are now cultivated around the world. The long history of the cultivation of apples has lead to the fruit developing cultural and religious significance in many cultures. The widespread cultivation of apples has resulted in a massive variety of over 7, 500 apple cultivars, as apples are now bred for favourable characteristics for specific uses. These uses include multiple sweet and savoury culinary dishes, flavouring for food and drinks, alcohol production and cosmetics and perfumes. 

Medical Benefits

With a long history as a cooking ingredient and popular food source, multiple cultures consider apples to possess a variety of medical properties. As a result, apples are a common ingredient in many traditional medicines. Recently, the properties of apples have been studied to conclude that the Fiber, Vitamin C, Potassium and Vitamin K could potentially give apples the following medical benefits:

  • Aid with healthy weight loss.

  • Blood pressure lowering properties.

  • Cholesterol lowering properties.

  • Lowers the risk of type 2 diabetes.

  • Anti-inflammatory properties.

 

Bergamot

Citrus bergamia

Areas of origin: Europe and Asia

Certification:

Organic EU; Organic NOP/COR; SAGAP; HACCP

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Description

Bergamot oranges are small, fragrant, citrus fruit similar to lemons, limes and sour oranges. They are characterised by their distinct smell and flavour which is the result of the fruit originating from a hybrid of lemons and bitter oranges. The extract of bergamot is a popular flavour for food, confectionary, teas, tobacco products and candies. Its fragrance is also commonly used in the cosmetic and perfume industries.

Medical Benefits

Bergamot has been extensively studied to determine the potential medical benefits of its nutrients and vitamins. These studies have concluded that the vitamin C, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of bergamot may give it the following medical benefits:

  • Reduces stress and anxiety symptoms.

  • Fights food poisoning.

  • Cholesterol lowing properties.

  • Aids healthy digestion.

 

Blackberry

Rubus fruticosus

Areas of origin: Europe, Asia, North and South America

Certification:

Organic EU; Organic NOP/COR; SAGAP; HACCP

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Description

Blackberries are the fruit of the Rubus fruticosus bramble of the Rosaceae family. The fruit was initially harvested from its wild, natural environment, however, thornless and more efficiently harvestable variations soon became cultivated around the world. The foraging and harvesting of blackberries for use as a food and medicine dates back for thousands of years. Ancient Greeks, Ancient Romans, Native Americans and many other cultures harvested blackberries for food and for use in traditional medicines. Today, blackberries are cultivated and used in many confectionary dishes, deserts, foods, wine, candies and teas.

Medical Benefits

Early uses of blackberries in traditional medicines include treatments for mouth ailments, coughs, intestinal problems, dysentery, diarrhoea and later as a treatment for scurvy.  Recent studies have found blackberries to be high in fiber and rich in vitamin C, vitamin K and magnesium, which could give blackberries the following medical benefits:

  • Anti-bacterial properties.

  • Anti-inflammatory properties.

  • Gum disease and cavity preventing properties.

  • Reduce cholesterol

  • Blood sugar level balancing properties.

 

Coconut

Cocos nucifera

Areas of origin: Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia

Certification:

Organic EU; Organic NOP/COR; SAGAP; HACCP

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Description

Coconuts are the fruit of the Cocos nucifera tree. The name "Coconut" comes from the Spanish word for head or skull, due to the three indentations on the shell which resemble a face. Coconuts have an extremely versatile range of uses and are cultivated for the oil, water, milk, meat and shells which are used for food, fuels, cooking, building materials, flavouring, soaps, cosmetics, perfumes and traditional medicines. Coconuts also have cultural and religious significance in many societies.

Medical Benefits

The versatility of use of coconuts extends to uses in both traditional and potentially to modern medicines. Studies conducted on coconuts has found that the nutrients of the milk, oil and meat of the fruit may have the following medical properties: 

  • Improves bad cholesterol.

  • Blood sugar balancing properties.

  • Provides protection against cell damage to reduce risks of diseases.

 

Lemon

Citrus Linomum

Area of origin: Southern Asia

Certification:

Organic EU; Organic NOP/COR; SAGAP; HACCP

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Description

Lemons are a strongly scented and flavoured fruit belonging to the Rutaceae family. They are cultivated around the world, with Spain being the largest producers. Lemon production in South Africa significantly contributes to the total agricultural GDP. They are cultivated for their distinct aroma and characterising sour flavour which is commonly used in baking, cooking, flavouring and perfumes. The pulp, fruit, rind, peel and juice of lemons are also used in the production of alcoholic and non alcoholic drinks, the cosmetic industry and in the pharmaceutical industry.

Medical Benefits

Lemons produce a variety of antioxidants and nutrients which pharmaceutical companies could use as a natural, healthier alternative to industrial chemicals. The essential oils, nutrients and antioxidants of lemons may give the fruit the following medical benefits:

  • Preventing colds and flus.

  • Digestion aid.

  • Treatment for haemostatis.

  • Antimicrobial properties.

 

Orange

Citrus sinensis 'valencia'

Area of origin: United States of America

Certification:

Organic EU; Organic NOP/COR; SAGAP; HACCP

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Description

Valencia oranges are the hybrid fruit of the Pummelo and Mandarin oranges. They were first bred in California in the United States of America by William Wolfskill in the mid 19th century, and are named after Valencia in Spain due to the city's reputation for sweet orange trees. The Valencia orange is a sweeter variation and is a popular ingredient in many different industries. Oranges are most commonly cultivated for food and for use as a flavour in cooking, teas, baking, alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages. Its sweet citrus smell and large amounts of minerals and antioxidants make Valencia oranges a popular ingredient in the cosmetic, perfume and medical industries.

Medical Benefits

Oranges are rich in Vitamin C, potassium and electrolyte minerals. Research conducted on the use of the minerals, vitamins and potassium in Valencia oranges has concluded that Valencia oranges may provides the following medical benefits:

  • Lowering bad cholesterol.

  • Reducing the risk of colon cancer and other cancers.

  • Lowering blood pressure.

  • Blood sugar balancing properties.

 

Raspberry

Rubus idaeus

Area of origin: Europe

Certification:

Organic EU; Organic NOP/COR; SAGAP; HACCP

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Description

Raspberries are the fruit of the Rubus bramble of the rose family. There are 15 different types of raspberries in the idaeobatus subgenus which are also all known as raspberries. Similarly to blackberries, raspberries were initially harvested from its wild, natural environment, but are now cultivated in its subgenus types for its specific use. Raspberries are most commonly produced for the fresh fruit market, and is used as an ingredient, flavour or aroma and for its vitamin and mineral properties. Raspberries are commonly produced for use in sweet and savoury foods, alcoholic and non alcoholic drinks, teas, candies, perfumes and cosmetics.

Medical Benefits

Raspberries contain a variety of healthy vitamins, nutrients and minerals. They are a healthy source of fiber, and iron, and are high in antioxidants and vitamin C. Research conducted on the properties of the nutrients of raspberries have found that raspberries could potentially have the following medical benefits:

  • Blood sugar balancing properties.

  • Cancer preventative properties.

  • Reduces the symptoms of arthritis.

  • Aids healthy weight loss.

 

Rose hip

Rosa rubignosa / Rosa canina

Areas of origin: Europe and The Middle East

Certification:

Organic EU; Organic NOP/COR; SAGAP; HACCP

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Description

Rose hip is the fruit of the Rosa Rubignosa and Rosa Canina rose plants. It is a Pseudocarp (false fruit), as it is a single seed surrounded by a fleshy layer. Rose hips are most commonly used in herbal tea, jam, syrup, beverages, bread, wines and desserts due to their tangy, tart flavour. The antioxidants, nutrients and vitamin C which rose hip produces makes it a common ingredient in the cosmetic industry and in the medical industry. Rose hip is also a common ingredient in the traditional medical practices of many cultures.

Medical Benefits

Rose hip is a source of vitamin C and is rich in minerals and antioxidants. It has been extensively studied and could be used as an ingredient in medicine due to its properties which may give it the following medical benefits:

  • Reduced risk of type 2 diabetes.

  • Weight loss aid.

  • Heart disease preventing properties.

  • anti-inflammatory properties.

 

Strawberry

Fragaria × ananassa

Area of origin: North and South America

Certification:

Organic EU; Organic NOP/COR; SAGAP; HACCP

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Description

Strawberries are the fruit of the hybrid species of the fragaria family. The modern, garden strawberry was first bred in France, but is now cultivated around the world. Garden strawberries are characterised by their bright red colour, juicy texture, aroma and sweet flavour. Strawberries are mass cultivated for the fresh fruit market and its numerous other uses as an ingredient or flavour in confectionaries, desserts, candies, alcoholic and non alcoholic drinks, teas, jams, soaps, perfumes and cosmetics. To meet the massive demand for strawberries, 9,2 million tonnes are produced every year, with China producing 40% of the total.

Medical Benefits

Strawberries are high in vitamin C, manganese, potassium and are a rich source of necessary vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. Studies conducted on the properties of strawberries have concluded that strawberries could have the following medical benefits:

  • Blood pressure regulating properties.

  • Blood sugar regulating properties.

  • Prevents certain types of cancers.

  • Immunity boosting properties.

  • Aids healthy weight loss.